Α-Pyrrolidinopentiophenone

History Α-Pyrrolidinopentiophenone was developed by the German pharmaceutical company Boehringer Ingelheim in the 1960s as a central nervous system stimulant.However, its illegal use as a recreational psychostimulant began about 10 years ago in the USA, Europe (Norway, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Sweden) and Japan. The substance is often sold under the guise of “bath salts”. InRead More

What is cannabigerol?

Cannabigerol (CBG) is a type of cannabigerolic acid, which is formed in the trichomes of cannabis inflorescences. At the end of the growing season, cannabigerols trigger the process of leaf rejection, after which the plant uses the released resources for flowering. Having completed their mission, the acid and its derivatives break down into three compounds:Read More

Neuroleptics

Neuroleptics – drugs for the treatment of mental disorders Neuroleptics are representatives of a large class of psychotropic drugs. The latter have a selective effect on the human psyche, i.e. on his thinking and emotions. Neuroleptics, in turn, slow down the neuropsychic processes and calm a person. However, if these antipsychotic drugs are prescribed toRead More

Phenamine

PHENAMINE (Phenaminum, Aktedrin, Alentol, Amphamine, Amphedrine, Amphethamini sulfas, Amphetamine sulfate, Benzedrine sulfate, Benzpropamine, Euphodyn, Isoamin; Ortedrine, Psychedrinum, Psychoton, Racephen, Raphetamine, Sympamin, Sympatedrine). White crystalline powder of bitter taste. Soluble in water (1:20 in cold, 1:3 in hot), slightly soluble in alcohol. Phenamine is a synthetic compound derived from phenylalkylamine. By its chemical structure and someRead More

Triazolam

Triazolam (Halcion, Triazolam, Halcion) has a pronounced hypnotic effect. Its effective hypnotic dose is 0.25 – 0.5 mg. It is rapidly absorbed when ingested and is relatively quickly excreted from the body. The half-life is 1.5 – 3 hours. Triazolam acts less long than nitrazepam. Daytime drowsiness and other side effects are less pronounced thanRead More

Phencyclidine

Phencyclidine-piperidine (abbreviated English PCP) is a synthetic pharmacological drug for intravenous anesthesia, an NMDA receptor antagonist; a dissociative substance. Created in the 1950s in the USA and used for medical purposes under the brand SERNYL until 1965. The use in clinical practice was discontinued due to excessive toxicity, including neurotoxicity. For some time it wasRead More

Antidepressants

Antidepressants combine a large group of drugs, the main property of which is the elimination of a depressive state. Antidepressants include MAO inhibitors: hydrazine (iprazide, nialamide) and non-hydrazine derivatives (indopan, etc.), 4- and 3-cyclic compounds (mianserin, imipramine, amitriptyline, azafen, pyrazidol), secondary amines (desipramine). There is also a group of antidepressants of the second generation (nomifenzyl,Read More

Tianeptine(Coaxil)

Tianeptine belongs to antidepressants that have three cyclic rings in their structure – this group of drugs helps to increase the concentration of serotonin in the synapses of the central nervous system, thereby increasing the mood and improving the patient’s well-being. However, the antidepressant ttianeptine has a special effect – it can cause addiction. TheRead More

Tranquilizers

Tranquilizers (from Lat. tranquilo-are — to make calm, serene) are psychotropic drugs that eliminate fear, anxiety, affective tension in neurosis and neurosis-like states. Synonyms of the term are the expressions “anxiolytic agents” (from the English anxiety — fear), “anti—anxiety agents” (antianxiety agents), “ataractics” (from the Greek ataraxia – calmness, equanimity), “antiphobic agents”, “general soothing agents”.Read More

Tramadol

Description of the active substance Tramadol. Formula: C16H25NO2, chemical name: trans-(±)-2-[(Dimethylamino)methyl]-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexanol (in the form of hydrochloride). Pharmacological group: neurotropic drugs, opioids, their analogues and antagonists, opioid non-narcotic analgesics. Pharmacological action: analgesic (opioid). Pharmacological properties Tramadol has an activating effect on opiate receptors (delta-, mu- and kappa-) on the post- and presynaptic membranes of the afferentRead More

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